A current global issue discussed all over the world is how we can defeat terrorism, an international threat against peace and security. A question that is quite complex and there is absolutely no quick fix for it.
Terrorism is defined as:
“Criminal acts intended or calculated to provoke a state of terror in the general public, a group of persons or particular persons for political purposes are in any circumstance unjustifiable, whatever the considerations of a political, philosophical, ideological, racial, ethnic, religious or any other nature that may be invoked to justify them.”
— Declaration on Measures to Eliminate International Terrorism
(General Assembly resolution 49/60, para. 3) The United Nations.
The battle of rescuing Mosul from ISIS is ongoing in northern Iraq at the moment, there has been a lot of media attention regarding this operation involving Iraqi, Turkish, American and Kurdish Peshmerga forces.
So the question is really; is it going to resolve the ISIS issue? This highly focused offensive operation on strategic cities in northern Iraq controlled by ISIS. People all around the world seem to draw a breath of ease whilst this is taking place on our televisions and in reality in Iraq. But is this the final solution? This ultimate invasion that has drawn together an array of national and regional forces united only by their desire of pushing out ISIS. The same sigh of relief was felt when Saddam Hussein was conquered by the US army and we thought it was the end of his dictatorship, or when the Talibans were captured. It seems that we all feel secure once the most urgent threat has been removed from the face of the earth but we are quite unaware of their new seeds in the ground.
Many argue that this is not the way to handle the ISIS issue, that they stand on strong financial ground and have the ability to grow strong again in other parts of the world. So this would be a temporary fix. Politicians argue that they will not leave the area militarily after the invasion as a lesson drawn from the Iraq invasion. But is it military presence that can stand against new terrorist groups arising? The issue of terrorism groups advancing and growing is most probably not solved by military presence.
How did these groups start developing? How are their battles funded? How are they able to spread across the world?
We are observing proxy wars in the Middle East, fueled by well-funded countries like Iran and Saudi Arabia. As we all know war is an expensive business, and a profitable one as well. There are many reasons behind the growing power of ISIS, unless we start understanding the factors behind it we will never be able to defeat terrorism in whatever form it may take, whether it be a Muslim, Christian or Jewish flag they will use as their logo.
And as usual our eldest and youngest are the worst affected in these situations.